facts

The manatees

 

I was reading a book about the manatees and, I thought it was so interesting that I would share it with you.

Appearance:

Adult manatees are typically 9-10 feet long and weigh around 1000 pounds. However, they may grow to over 13 feet and weigh more than 3500 pounds. Adults are gray in color, with  hairs sparsely distributed over much of the body. Stiff whiskers grow around the face and lips. Algae growing on the dermis may make them appear green or brown. They have two fore limbs, usually with 3 or 4 nails, that they use for slow movements and to grasp vegetation while eating. They have a rounded flattened tail for swimming. The nostrils, located on the upper surface of the snout, tightly close with valves when underwater. Their eyes are small and have a membrane that can be drawn over them for protection. The ear openings, located just behind the eyes, are small and lack external lobes. They have a flexible upper lip that is used to draw food into the mouth.

Habitat:

The manatee inhabits coastal waters and rivers. They can easily move between fresh, brackish and marine habitats.
The West Indian manatee’s range is from the southern United States throughout the Caribbean Islands, Central America, and to northern South America. In the United States, a sub-species—the Florida manatee, lives in many Florida waterways or travels up the eastern coastline into Georgia, the Carolinas, and as far north as Massachusetts during warm months. In the Gulf, Florida manatees are occasionally sighted as far west as Texas. During cold months these manatees migrate to the warm waters of south Florida, or find a source of warm water such as artesian springs or industrial discharges.

Behavior:

Manatees are large, aquatic mammals that eat plants. Also known as “sea cows,” these animals usually spend up to eight hours a day grazing on seagrasses and other aquatic plants. A manatee can consume up to 10 percent of its body weight in aquatic vegetation daily. The manatee uses its muscular lips to grab and tear plants much like an elephant uses its trunk to pick up items. Manatees consume freshwater and marine plants of all kinds. A manatee uses its flippers and tail to steer itself through the water and moves its tail up and down to propel itself forward. Manatees are quite agile in the water. They can swim upside down, roll, do somersaults or move vertically in the water. Like other mammals, manatees breathe air. They must surface approximately every five minutes to breathe, but can hold their breath for as long as twenty minutes when resting. The manatee’s nose is usually the only part of its body that comes out of the water when it breathes. Manatees rest from 2 to 12 hours a day either suspended near the water’s surface or lying on the bottom, usually for several hours at a time. Manatees reach sexual maturity in 3-5 years (females) and 5-7 years (males) and may live over 60 years in controlled environments. Gestation is approximately 13 months and usually one calf is born. The calf may stay with the cow for up to 2 years. Male manatees (bulls) are not part of the family unit. Bulls will leave a female alone after her breeding period is over. Of the wild manatees that reach adulthood, only about half are expected to survive into their early 20s.

15 Fact On Star Trek

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1. Captain Kirk never once said: “Beam me up Scotty.”

2. Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment franchise created by Gene Roddenberry and currently under the ownership of CBS and Paramount.

3. The first series, now referred to as “The Original Series”, debuted in 1966 and ran for three seasons on NBC.

4. Star Trek has been a cult phenomenon for decades.

5.  According to George Takei, William Shatner had Takei’s lines and camera time cut due to Shatner’s ego.

6.  James Doohan (Scotty) lost his right middle finger during World War II. Most of his scenes are shot to hide it.

7. In many interviews since the start of Star Trek (1966), Leonard Nimoy has recounted the origin of the Vulcan salute, which he introduced into the show

8. Had the series been renewed for a fourth season, producers planned to bring back Koloth from Star Trek: The Trouble with Tribbles (1967) as a recurring villain.

9. In the hallways of the Enterprise there are tubes marked “GNDN”, these initials stand for “goes nowhere does nothing”.

10. Shortly after the cancellation of the series, the staff of the marketing department of the NBC TV network confronted the network executives and berated them for canceling Star Trek, the most profitable show on the network in terms of demographic profiling of the ratings.

11. Due to budget constraints, the element of “parallel” or “mirror” Earth planets was used on several occasions to keep set and make-up costs down.

12. Despite widespread belief, Martin Landau was not originally offered the role of Commander Spock.

13. Gene Roddenberry originally conceived the Klingons as looking more alien than they do in the series, but budget restriction prevented this, although a very metallic cast to the skin was added to the make-up design in the third season.

14. Both Gene Roddenberry and James Doohan (Lt. Commander Scott), after death, had vials containing small amounts of their ashes launched into orbit via satellites.

15. Star Trek: Shore Leave (1966) has the only scene in which the U.S.S. Enterprise is seen orbiting a planet from right to left.

15 FACTS ABOUT TOM AND JERRY

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1. Tom and Jerry is an American animated series of short films created in 1940 by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera.

2. Tom And Jerry has always been criticized by having so much violence, but their was never any blood and gore.

3. Although many supporting and minor characters speak, Tom and Jerry rarely do so themselves.

4. Tom (called “Jasper” in his debut appearance) is a grey and white domestic shorthair cat.

5. Jerry is a small brown house mouse who always lives in close proximity to him.

6. In his attempts to catch Jerry, Tom often has to deal with Spike (known as “Killer” and “Butch” in some shorts), an angry, vicious but extremely unintelligent bulldog who tries to attack Tom for bothering his son Tyke while trying to catch Jerry.

7. Nibbles is a small grey mouse who often appears in episodes as Jerry’s nephew.

8. Music plays a very important part in the shorts, emphasizing the action, filling in for traditional sound effects, and lending emotion to the scenes.

9. William Hanna and Joseph Barbera were both part of the Rudolf Ising unit at the MGM cartoon studio in the late 1930s.

10. Beginning in 1965, the Hanna and Barbera Tom and Jerry cartoons began to appear on television in heavily edited form.

11.The Simpsons characters, Itchy & Scratchy, the featured cartoon on the Krusty the Clown Show, are spoofs of Tom and Jerry—a “cartoon within a cartoon.”

12. Throughout the years, the term and title Tom and Jerry became practically synonymous with never-ending rivalry, as much as the related “cat and mouse fight” metaphor has.

13.Tom and Jerry began appearing in comic books in 1942, as one of the features in Our Gang Comics.

14. October 1, 1992 saw the first international release of Tom and Jerry: The Movie when the film was released overseas to theatres in Europe of that year and then domestically by Miramax Films in July 30, 1993, with future video and DVD releases that would be sold under Warner Brothers.

15. In Argentina, Armenia, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Egypt, India Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Mexico, the Middle East, Pakistan, several South East Asia countries, Venezuela, other Latin American countries, and in eastern European countries (such as Romania), Cartoon Network still airs Tom and Jerry cartoons every day.